Diagnosis of type 1 diabetes


In June 2010, an international committee of experts from the American Diabetes Association, European Association for the Study of Diabetes and the International Diabetes Federation recommended that the type 1 diabetes screening include the: Glaciated hemoglobin (A1C) test. This blood test indicates your level of blood sugar average for the last two or three months. It operates by measuring the percentage of sugar in the blood bound to hemoglobin, the transport protein of oxygen in red blood cells. The higher your blood sugar in the blood, the more hemoglobin you'll have with sugar attached. HbA1c of 6.5 percent or more than two separate tests indicates you have diabetes. Score between 5.7 and 6.4 percent is considered prediabetes, which indicates a high risk of developing diabetes. If the A1C test is not available, or if you have certain conditions that can make the A1C test inaccurate - as if you are pregnant or have a rare form of hemoglobin (known as a hemoglobin variant) - Your doctor may use the following tests to diagnose diabetes: Random blood glucose test.

 A blood sample will be at a random time. Glucose values are expressed in milligrams per deciliter (mg / dL) or milli moles per liter (mmol / L). Whatever time you ate a random blood sugar of 200 mg / dL (11.1 mmol / L) or higher suggest diabetes, especially when paired with one of the signs and symptoms of diabetes such as frequent urination and extreme thirst. Level mg / DL140 mg / mmol / L 8 mmol / L) and 199 mg / dL (11.0 mmol / L) is considered prediabetes, which puts you at higher risk of developing diabetes. Fasting blood glucose test: A blood sample will be taken after an overnight fast. A fasting blood glucose level less than 100 mg / dL (5.6 mmol / L) is normal. A fasting blood glucose level from 100 to 125 mg / dL (5.6 to 6.9 mmol / L) is regarded pre diabetes. If it is 126 mg / dL (7 mmol / L) or higher on two separate tests, you have diabetes. A level of 100 mg / dL (5.6mg / DLA) to mmol / Lg / dL (6.9 mmol considered the pre diabetes

. If you are diagnosed with diabetes, your doctor may also perform blood tests to check the auto antibodies that are common in nature 1 diabetes. These tests allow your doctor to distinguish between type 1 and type 2diabetes. The presences of ketones - byproducts of fat breakdown - in your urine suggest the type 1 diabetes, rather than type 2. Once you have been diagnosed with type 1 diabetes, you visit your doctor regularly to ensure proper management of diabetes. During these visits, the doctor will check your A1C. Your goal A1C target may vary depending on your age and other factors, but generally American Diabetes Association recommends that A1C less than 7 percent, which translates into estimated average glucose of 154 mg / dL (8.5 mmol / L). In comparison with the daily repetition of blood glucose, A1C test indicates better how your diabetes treatment plan is working. HbA1c levels can indicate the need for a change in your insulin regimen or meal plan. In addition to HbA1c, the doctor will also take samples of blood and urine tests regularly to check your cholesterol, thyroid function, liver function and renal function and test for celiac disease. The doctor will also examine you to assess your blood pressure, and he or she will check the sites where you test your blood sugar levels and administer insulin.

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