Risk factors and related disorders of Hypertension

Several factors increase the risk of hypertension. Some of the most common factors that you can not control and that increase your risk:
  •     Age: The risk of developing hypertension increases with age. If you are over 65, you have 50% chance of being hypertensive.
  •     Ethnicity: People of South Asian descent, Aboriginal or First Nations and Inuit people of African descent have higher rates of hypertension.
  •     Family history: You have 20% chance of developing hypertension if one of your parents was hypertensive. If both your parents were affected by this disease, your chances increase to 33%.

You can do things to reduce your blood pressure and the possibility of complications related to hypertension.

Diabetes: The fact of examinations for diabetes and treating the disease helps treat high blood pressure. People with diabetes are at increased risk of developing hypertension.

Obesity: Excess fat, especially around the waist, may increase your risk of developing hypertension, as well as being a risk factor for type II diabetes and other disorders.

Alcohol consumption: An excessive consumption of alcohol increases blood pressure.

Smoking: This habit can cause increased blood pressure in some people. Smoking is associated with atherosclerosis, which narrows the arteries and causes the heart to pump harder to circulate blood.

Stress: Too much stress can increase a person's blood pressure to dangerous levels. People who smoke, drink or eat to relieve stress and can increase blood pressure to dangerous levels.

Inactive lifestyle: Lack of physical activity decreases the rate at which the body burns calories. This type of lifestyle can lead to weight gain, which constitutes a risk factor for hypertension and for other health problems like diabetes.
Low dietary potassium: Potassium is a mineral present in the cells. It helps balance the sodium concentration in cells. Too much sodium causes water retention and higher blood pressure.

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